Colloquial (Common) Names: Knysna Dwerg-verkleurmannetjie (Afrikaans); ilovane (isiXhosa); umwabu (isiZulu).
Taxonomy: Class: Reptilia; Order: Squamata; Suborder: Sauria (Lacertilia); Infraorder: Iguania; Family: Chameleonidae
Identification: The Knysna Dwarf Chameleon has a prominent casque (raised hump on the neck). It is a very colourful chameleon with bright green to bluish skin, decorated with hues of purple, yellow and pink.
Size: Up to 180mm total length.
Distribution: Found from the south-facing slopes of the Outeniqua and Tsitsikamma Mountains to the coast in the eastern parts of the Western Cape and western parts of the Eastern Cape.
Habitat: Fynbos and Afromontane Forest; often found in gardens.
Activity & Behaviour: Diurnal and arboreal.
Diet & Feeding: Various invertebrates.
Reproduction: Females give birth to 6-20 live young in summer.
Conservation Status: Least Concern.
References and Recommended Further Reading:
- Bates, M., W. Branch, A. Bauer, M. Burger, J. Marais, G. Alexander, & M. De Villiers (eds). 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
- Tolley, K. & M. Burger. 2007. Chameleons of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers.