Colloquial (Common) Names: Transvaal Dwarf Chameleon, Wolkberg Dwarf Chameleon (English); Transvaalse Dwerg-verkleurmannetjie (Afrikaans); ilovane (isiXhosa); umwabu (isiZulu).

Taxonomy: Class: Reptilia; Order: Squamata; Suborder: Sauria (Lacertilia); Infraorder: Iguania; Family: Chameleonidae.

Identification: A fairly large dwarf chameleon with much colour and pattern variation. Brown to black, often with a broad pale stripe along its flanks. A casque (raised protrusion behind the head) is often well developed.

Size: 140-160mm total length.

Distribution: Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces, as well as Swaziland Highveld.

Habitat: Grassland and Forest Biomes where they inhabit Afro-montane forest, riverine thickets and grasslands.

Activity & Behaviour: Diurnal; arboreal.

Diet & Feeding: Various invertebrates, mostly insects.

Reproduction: Live-birth; females produce between 7-17 young in spring.

Conservation Status: Least Concern.

References and Recommended Further Reading:

  • Bates, M., W. Branch, A. Bauer, M. Burger, J. Marais, G. Alexander, & M. De Villiers (eds). 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
  • Tolley, K. & M. Burger. 2007. Chameleons of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers.

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